The Book of Psalms is the longest book in the Bible and takes the form of poetry that has been widely used as prayers and songs. Psalms was written by David. The temple was not yet built in David’s day. (Selah) I rested and slept; I awoke, for the LORD protects me. 22:32), the Christian understanding of these words does no violence to them.” Kidner, pp. No doubt David did write psalms as he spent lonely hours with his flocks in the field, but it is difficult to imagine that a psalm of such depth could have been written by a young lad.75 A young lad knows little of the dangers and disappointments of life or of the opposition which is referred to in verses 4 and 5. From Ezekiel 34:15 I understand that the sheep would lie down to rest after having been fed. The psalm is loved by Jews and Christians alike, speaking as it does of God’s protection and care. Critical Overview. John 1:29). 34:11-15). David never lost his sense of individual pastoral care from the hand of his Shepherd. Psalm 23 by Franz Schubert (1797–1828) Psalms 13, 42, 91, 95, 98, 100, 114 and 115 by Felix Mendelssohn (1809–1847) Psalms 13, 18, 23, 116, 129 and 137 by Franz Liszt (1811–1886) Psalm 150 by César Franck (1822–1890) Psalms 23, 113, 116, 147 and 150 by Anton Bruckner (1824–1896) Psalm 13 by Johannes Brahms (1833–1897) 2-3). He leads his sheep to places of nourishment and rest (v. 2), but he also leads them in the proper paths. 12. To sit as a guest at the table of a host was to be assured of food, housing, fellowship and protection. David's Psalm of Steadfastness (2Sa 23) Psalm 108: 970 BC: David's Psalm of Salvation (1Ki 2) Psalm 37: 967 BC: Psalm for Solomon (2Ch 1) Psalm 72: 967 BC: Psalm of Korah (1Ki 3) Psalm 45: 959 BC: Psalms of Solomon (2Ch 7) Psalms 135, 136: 950 BC: Solomon Psalm of Blessing: Psalm 127: 701 BC: Korah's Psalms of Refuge (2Ch 32) Psalms 46 - 48 : 586 BC: Psalms of Desolation (Jer. Taken in its most literal and restricted sense, this expression conveys David’s thought that God “renews and sustains my life.”84 As David’s shepherd, God provides him with rest and restoration. 4 Even though I k walk through the valley of l the shadow of death, 3. A good shepherd is all a sheep needs since a good shepherd, by his very nature will always supply all of the sheep’s needs. He also tends to spiritual well-being, making sure that the speaker stays on the right path. David was a shepherd before he was a king and so he could see the symbolism of God’s shepherding His people when he wrote Psalm 23. But since the logic of God’s covenant allows no ending to His commitment to a man, as our Lord pointed out (Mt. 1-4) and that of the host (vv. The second and third lines of verse 3 remind us that as a shepherd leads his flock, so God guides His people: “He guides me in the paths of righteousness for His name’s sake.”. Psalms 23:6. The amount of security which any host could provide depended upon his prestige and power. Israel had found God to be a faithful provider of their needs during their years in the wilderness: “For the Lord your God has blessed you in all that you have done; He has known your wanderings through this great wilderness. It is His presence which dispels our fears. We must be careful, however, not to restrict David’s meaning only to a literal, non-spiritual sense. 5; and for the whole phrase, Prov. In our church we emphasize “body life,” and I believe this is rightly so. 27:4 dwell # 23:6 Or shall return to dwell in the house of the Lord # Ps. Psalm 23 is het meest eenvoudige en tegelijkertijd meest diepgaande loflied in de Bijbel. also Ps. Thus the Lord Jesus identified himself as the Good Shepherd (John 10:11; cf. It was written (and rewritten) long after David’s death. Reprinted from People’s Paper (Australia), by Ray Charlton. David is describing God’s relationship to him in terms of a kindly shepherd’s relationship to one of his sheep. One of the lessons of Psalm 23 is that every person who is one of God’s flock (by personal faith in Christ) is individually cared for as one of God’s sheep. It is a prophetic utterance Of Ha Mashaiach, and His life, approximately one thousand years before He lives it unto His Ab, Ha AHAYA. David did not write the psalm. Cf. “… the literal meaning of the single Hebrew word salmawet, which occurs nearly twenty times in the Old Testament, and RSV is right to retain it here. Furthermore, His “rod” and “staff” (v. 4c) give us comfort. The clear implication of David’s statement in Psalm 23:1 is that as one of God’s sheep he will lack nothing which is necessary for his best interest. David, who was familiar with the role and responsibility of a shepherd, wrote the psalm. xxxii. Psalm 22 is the 22nd psalm of the Book of Psalms, generally known in English by its first verse, in the King James Version, "My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me?" In sheep-like terms, they think God is with them only when they are lying in grassy meadows alongside restful waters. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Perhaps the disciplinary use of the “rod” is implied as well. 2 Sam. He guides me along the right paths for his name’s sake. For a Christmas party 23 EXEGESIS: context: `` a psalm of David. ) glance David. The L ord is my shepherd ; I shall not e want occasion of the answer to question! Term ( cf writing of the most famous psalm in the paths of righteousness for his j name ’ life. God who has been called the pearl of the Bible protection from harm be converted ’ (.! 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